Renewable energy is a form of energy that can be produced without depleting natural resources such has fossil fuels and wood. It does not rely on the burning of a fossil fuel to create electricity. Some forms of renewable energy include sunlight, wind, tides, water and geothermal heat. The use of biomass is also considered to be a renewable energy source. This type of energy is sustainable as it is derived from sources that do not run out.
Advantages of Renewable Energy
- It is highly sustainable as it is derived from sources that are inexhaustible.
- It does not emit any greenhouse gases or toxic waste making the world a cleaner and safer place.
- It is highly cost effective as fuel does not need to be brought to sustain the electricity plant.
- It is also cost effective as less labor is needed to operate a renewable energy station and they require less maintenance.
- They may bring economical benefits to remote communities, as many renewable energy plants are situated away from large cities.
- Renewable energy generators such as solar power can be applied to existing buildings making them more environmentally friendly and energy efficient.
- Some forms of renewable energy such as geothermal steam plants take up less area than larger conventional power plants and can be run day and night.
- Hydroelectrical power stations can be controlled to produce more power at peak times and be inactive during lulls in power usage.
- Biomass energy helps cut down on the amount of rubbish that is transported to landfills.
- In most cases if an individual has a renewable energy source, such as solar power, attached to their home or business they can sell any excess power back to the grid reduce the overall amount of homes or businesses being powered by fossil fuel plants.