Chile is a country in South America that is located on the western side of the continent between the coastline and the Andes Mountains to the east. It is bordered by Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. Chile was once under Spanish rule, but the country achieved independence in 1844. Today, Chile is considered to be one of the most wealthy and stable nations in South America. It was a founding member of the Union of South American Nations and the United Nations. There are over 230 registered cities across the country, let’s find out which one is the capital.
What is the capital city of Chile?
The capital of Chile is Santiago, which is located in the central valley of the country. Santiago is also the largest city in the country with a population of 7.2 million in the greater metropolitan area. The city is home to Palacio de La Moneda (Mint Palace) that is the seat of the President of Chile and provides offices for three cabinet members. However, the National Congress of Chili (the legislative branch of the government) is located in the city of Valparaíso, which is about 140km away from the capital.
When was the city of Santiago founded?
The city was founded by Pedro de Valdivia, who was the first Royal Governor of Chile, on February 12, 1541. He chose the location because it would could be easily defended and because it had an ideal climate.