New Jersey is a state found in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is one of the smallest states by area, but the 11th largest by population. New Jersey shares a border with New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware. Prior to the European discovery of the Americas the region had been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. In the 17th century the Dutch were the first to claim the area as a part of New Netherland and later Sweden purchased some of the area to form New Sweden. However, the entire region become part of England in 1664 when the English fleet, under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls, sailed into New York Harbor and took control of the Dutch fort. Let’s find out when New Jersey became a state.
The area now known as New Jersey was given to two loyal friends of the English King, Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley, after the English civil war. At this time the area became known as the Province of New Jersey. The region underwent many changes, including a split into two provinces, until it was reunited into one province. Later, the province was ruled by the governors of New York, but this made the people unhappy. This led to the appointment of a separate governor in 1738.
New Jersey became one of the thirteen colonies that asserted their independence against British rule in the American Revolution and many important battles took place in the area. New Jersey passed their constitution on July 2, 1776 just 2 days before representatives from New Jersey signed the Declaration of Independence.
New Jersey was the third state, after Delaware and Pennsylvania, to ratify the United States Constitution and was admitted to the Union on December 18, 1787.