The ovaries are the part of the female reproductive system that produce, store and release the ovum (eggs). They also secrete the important hormones estrogen and progesterone. The estrogen is responsible for the sexual development during puberty and proper functioning of the reproductive system. The progesterone has an important role in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and formation of the embryo. Let’s find out where this important organ is located in the body.
Where are the ovaries located?
Generally speaking the ovaries can be found in the pelvis section of the human body. More specifically they are located in a shallow depression in the lateral wall of the pelvis known as the ovarian fossa. They are usually found in front of the ureters, which are the tubes that take the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Ovaries have a left and right side and are connected to the outer layer of the uterus via ligaments called ovarian ligaments. The ovaries also connect, but are not attached, with the Fallopian tubes (uterine tube), which carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus.
Did you know?
Each side of the ovary takes turns in releasing eggs each menstrual cycle. For example, if the left ovary releases the egg in May then the right ovary will release the egg in June. Sometimes one side of the ovaries is absent or non-functioning and if this occurs the other side usually takes over the responsibility for releasing the eggs.