Armadillos are mammals best known for their hard leathery armor shell used for protection. There are about 20 species of armadillo and range in size from the giant armadillo, which grows up to 150 cm in length, through to the pink fairy armadillo at just 12-15 cm. Armadillos belong to the same family as anteaters and sloths. Let’s take a look at the distribution and habitat of this unique species.
Where do armadillos live?
Most of the 20 species of armadillos are found in parts of Central and South America. Some species are found throughout this range while others have a far smaller distribution. It is believed that the largest concentrations of this animal can be found in the country of Paraguay. The nine-banded armadillo is the only species to be found in North Amercia, where it has spread from South America to Central America and throughout the south-eastern region of the United States.
Armadillos build burrows by digging with their sharp claws. Most species dig these burrows in dry soil near potential sources of food, but some choose moist soil near a source of water. The habitat of each species is different and ranges from dry forests and grassland through to tropical moist forests.
Did you know?
Armadillos can also use their digging ability to dig a hole when threatened by a predator.