Pandas are commonly known as a black and white bear. There are only three species of panda in the world. These are the Giant Panda (which is the panda we are most familiar with), the Qinling Panda (which is a subspecies of the Giant Panda and is dark brown and light brown in color) and the Red Panda (which is a panda by name only and is not related to the Giant Panda but is actually its own distinct species the Ailuridae family).
The Giant Panda and the Qinling Panda live in the country of China. The Giant Panda inhabits the mountain ranges of the Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu provinces. The Qinling Panda is only found in the Qinling mountain range in the Chinese province of Shaanxi. Pandas use to inhabit much more of China but due to rising populations and farming the pandas now live exclusively in the mountainous regions. Some pandas have been found as far as the eastern rim of the Tibetan Plateau. The pandas live at high elevations of anywhere between 5,000 to 10,000 feet. Their habitat is bamboo, fir and spruce forests with heavy rains and dense mists for most or all of the year. Only 29 small areas of this type of forest exist from the pandas to live in.
The Red Panda is not actually a part of the same species as the giant panda and the Qinling Panda but is a panda by name only. The Red Panda lives in the temperate rainforests of the Himalayas, in Nepal, Bhutan, China, India and Myanmar.