Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world by both population and area. It is also an important regional power and emerging world power, with one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is located in the continent of South America and it is easily the largest country on the continent in terms of area and population. It also has 7,491 km (4,655 mi) of coastline on the east of the country, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
This map of South America shows the position of Brazil (in yellow) in relation to the other countries of South America. Interestingly, Brazil shares a border with every South American country except for Ecuador and Chile.
Did you know?
Brazil is home to the Amazon River and the larger Amazon Rainforest, which is the largest tropical forest in the world. About 60% of the 5.5 million km2 (1.4 billion acre) rainforest is located in Brazil with 13% in Peru, 10% in Colombia and smaller amounts in 6 other regions.
Brazil was a colony of Portugal from 1500 and achieved independence in 1822 with the formation of the Empire of Brazil. To this day it remains the only country in South America where Portuguese is the official language. It is also the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world!