Colombia is a large country in terms of area (26th largest) and population (27th largest). The area has a long history of human habitation that possibly dates back further than 22,000 years. However, the beginnings of modern Colombia was not created until independence from Spain was achieved in 1819. This breakaway country was known as Gran (Great) Colombia, which collapsed in 1830. This significantly reduced the territory of Colombia. The modern borders of Colombia were formed in 1903 when Panama, the last remaining country in union with Colombia, became independent. From this time the country has been faced with internal political instability and violence. Let’s find out where Colombia is located.
Where is Colombia located?
Colombia is found in the northwestern portion of the South American continent. The equator runs through the south of the country. Colombia shares borders with Ecuador and Peru (to the south), Brazil and Venezuela (to the east), and Panama (to the northwest). The western coast of the country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the northwestern coastline is bordered by the Caribbean Sea. Colombia also claims two separate groups of islands in the Caribbean Sea, which lie about 775 km (482 mi) from the mainland. San Andrés is the largest of these islands with an area of 26 square kilometers (10 sq mi) and a population of about 68,000. These island groups are a department of Colombia and are officially known as “Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.”