All over the world there are Red Cross foundations dedicated to offering humanitarian aid to people from every walk of life. The Red Cross worldwide has approximately 97 million members, staff and volunteers. It was founded to protect life and offer respect to all human beings regardless of race, religion, nationality, sex, class or political opinions.
Whilst there is no actual body called the international Red Cross there is a group of organizations that work alongside one another with the same goals, objectives and principles. Each of these organizations were founded at different times by different people.
The International Committee of the Red Cross was founded in 1863 in Geneva Switzerland by a man named Henry Dunant. It was formed to protect the rights, life and dignity of the victims of international and internal armed conflicts. It is supported by international humanitarian laws.
The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent was founded in 1919 and has the distinct task of organising the 186 National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies. It helps coordinate efforts during natural disasters and war relief.
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies can be found in nearly every country in the world. These are the organizations that deal with local natural disaster relief and assist with emergency medical care. Each was founded at different times by different people. The American Red Cross was founded in May 21st, 1881 by Clarissa Harlowe Barton (or Clara Barton as she preferred to be called).
The Red Cross has won a number of Nobel peace prizes for their dedication in ensuring humanitarian aid to all. They won the Nobel peace prize in 1917, 1944 and 1963.