The Pharaoh was the ruler of ancient Egypt. The title actually means “Great House” and was not used to refer to the king until about 1400BC.The pharaoh held the highest responsibly in the Kingdom. Many pharaoh’s built the magnificent structures that have made ancient Egypt so famous today. Pharaoh’s were mostly male, but there are at least 6 known pharaohs from ancient Egypt.
Who was the first female pharaoh?
Throughout modern history, there has been much debate about the first female Pharaoh.
The first known female ruler of Egypt is Sobekneferu, but there are at least 6 other women who may have ruled Egypt before this. She ruled Egypt by herself for nearly four years and used both the masculine and feminine titles common to a pharaoh from her time. With the current evidence available she is considered, by many historians at least, to be the first female pharaoh.
Hatshepsut was once believed to be the first female pharaoh, but most historians no longer support this view. She was certainly the most successful female ruler of Egypt and one of the most successful pharaoh’s of all time. It is believed that she became pharaoh in 1479 BC and ruled for about 22 years.