Switzerland, or the Swiss Confederation, is a tiny country in Western Europe that is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It’s total land area is 15,940 sq mi (41,285 km2) with most of that area being the Alps. Switzerland has a population of approximately 7.9 million people and is home to a number of different cultural and ethnic groups. Switzerland has long been considered a neutral country and has not been involved in any armed conflict internationally since 1815. Why is Switzerland considered to be a neutral country? Read this article to find out.
Why is Switzerland considered to be a neutral country?
Switzerland is regarded as a neutral country due to its decision to not become involved in worldwide conflicts. It is also considered neutral due to the fact that it is not involved in any economic or military alliances with other countries around the world. Switzerland made this choice after being occupied by the French, Russian and Austrian nations at various times in its history. After they received back their rights to be self-governed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, the many villages and communities within the area begin to work towards creating a unified and organized country. After a small civil war during 1847 a constitution was drawn up with opinions sought from the many different groups of people.
During the World Wars, Switzerland was never involved or invaded. Both sides used the country as a base for espionage and the country received approximately 300,000 refugees. Whilst they never got involved in the war they had detailed military plans to protect their own territory and forced down aircraft from both sides when they invaded their airspace.
Switzerland is often recognized by the world as a neutral country. The European powers at the Congress of Vienna recognized the Swiss Confederation as a neutral in 1815. It was then again recognized as neutral in 1920 after becoming involved in the League of Nations. Switzerland made it clear that it would not take on any military responsibilities. Since then, Switzerland has continued to remain neutral and has been slow to join international alliances such as the United Nations and the European Union.