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North Korea (official title: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) is a country that covers 120,540 square kilometers (46,528 sq mi) with a population of about 24.5 million. It is best known for being a dictatorship and the frosty relationship between the country and much of the international community (especially the United States). The history of the country can be traced back many thousands of years to the ancient Korean kingdoms. However, the modern history of the country began after the Japanese surrender during World War II. Let’s take a brief look at this event and find out where North Korea is located.
Argentina is a large country in terms of both area (8th largest in the world) and population (32nd largest). It covers an area of approximately 2.78 million square kilometers (1.07 million square miles) and has a population of about 42 million. It is a highly important country in its own region and is a moderate world power. It has one of the strongest economies in its region and is recognized as an emerging world economy. Argentina is also a member of many important worldwide organizations such as the United Nations. Let’s find out where Argentina is located.
Chile is a country that covers approximately 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 sq mi), which makes it the 38th largest country on Earth. Chile is an extremely long country that stretches for over 4,630 km (2,880 mi), but is also extremely skinny with the widest portion only 430 km (265 mi). The country has a population of just 16.5 million and this means it has one of the lowest population densities on the planet. The central area of the country, home to the capital Santiago, is the most populated region. Chile is one of the richest countries in its region and boasts a relatively high standard of living and political stability. The area that is now part of Chile has a long history that dates back thousands of years to the native tribes. However, the modern country was born when it declared independence from Spain in 1818 and this was formally recognized in 1844. Let’s find out where Chile is located.
Germany is a country that can be traced back to the Germanic tribes believed to date back to the Pre-Roman Iron Age (5th-1st century B.C.). It is the 13th largest country in terms of population and one of the richest countries in the world. It is a major regional and world political and financial power. Germany is an important member of the European Union, NATO and the Eurozone. The country was involved in both of the World Wars and during World War II Germany expanded their territory throughout Europe. The country was split into East and West Germany after defeat in World War II. This means that the modern borders of the country were not established until 1990 when the country was reunified into a single sovereign nation. Let’s find out where Germany is located.
France is a relatively large country in terms of population and area. It is also one of the most prosperous countries with very high standards of health, education and standard of living. The modern day country can be traced back to 486 with the Kingdom of Francia. Throughout much of its history France has also been one of the major world powers and was once the second largest colonial empire. This means that the country has had a major influence on the culture, politics and economy in its region and in the world. In fact, France still retains some of its territory from when it was a colonial force. Let’s find out where France is located and which overseas territories it still lays claim to.
Luxembourg (official title: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg) is a very small country in terms of both population and area. It covers and area of just 2,586 sq km (998 sq mi) and is home to less than 550,000 people. It has a long history that dates back many years, and the territory has been claimed by many counties. Luxembourg officially became an independent country in 1815 and was a founding member of both the United Nations, NATO and the European Union. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has a very strong economy and standard of living. Let’s find out where Luxembourg is located.
Peru (official title: Republic of Peru) is a relatively large country in terms of area and population. The region was home to ancient cultures, but the modern country wasn’t formed until it achieved independence from Spain. Even after this time the political situation remained unresolved for many years. The country also lost part of its territory to Peru after the War of the Pacific in 1883. Since this time Peru has faced political and economic strife, but this has stabilized in recent years. In fact, today Peru has the 39th largest, and one of the fastest growing, economy in the world. Let’s find out where Peru is located in the world.
Mexico (official title: United Mexican States) is the 13th largest independent country in the world by area and the 11th largest by population. The history of modern day Mexico can be traced back to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire, which began in 1519. After conquest was achieved the area now known as Mexico became a part of the Spanish Empire (it was called New Spain). Mexico was ruled by Spain until September 16, 1810 when priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared independence from Spain. After much fighting this independence was finally recognized on September 27, 1821 and the modern country of Mexico was born. Let’s find out where Mexico is located.
Ecuador (official title: Republic of Ecuador) is a relatively small country in terms of both population and size. The country became an independent nation in 1830 after previously being part of the Spanish colonial empire and Gran Columbia. However, Ecuador lost much of its claimed territory to the larger neighboring countries after this time. It is named after the equator, which runs through the northern part of the country. This might give us a clue about where Ecuador is located.
Haiti (official title: The Republic of Haiti) is a small country that occupies part of an island known as Hispaniola. The country covers just 27,750 km2 and has a population of almost 10 million. The capital city, and largest city, of Haiti is Port-au-Prince, which has a population of about 900,000. Haiti has been under both Spanish and French rule and was occupied by the United States for a period of time. Today, it is an independent nation. Unfortunately, Haiti is best known as a very poor country that has a long history of political strife along with a number of devastating natural disasters. Let’s find out where this country is located.