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The Black Death was one of the worst health pandemics to ever affect the world. It was at its peak in 1348-1350 and is estimated to have killed 30-60% of the population of Europe. The Black Death was characterised by large swollen lymph nodes or buboes in the groin, armpit and neck, which oozed pus and bled when opened. These symptoms where followed by acute fever and the vomiting of blood. During the later stages of the disease the skin of a person would turn black due to haemorrhaging and gangrene. Death usually followed two to seven days after initial infection. It is believed that the Black Death originated in China and spread to Europe via the Silk Road. The plague broke out a number of times from the 1300’s to the 1800’s.
The Roman Empire is perhaps one of the most famous empires to ever exist. At the height of its power in 117 AD, the Roman Empire extended from the United Kingdom dominating all of Europe, as well as parts of Northern Africa and the Middle East. For two centuries the Roman Empire had great stability and prosperity known as Pax Romana meaning Roman Peace. During the 3rd century of its reign cracks started to develop and by the 5th century parts of the empire split off to form separate empires. Due to its long and relatively stable existence the Roman empire has impacted dramatically on literature, language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and forms of government. Many of these ideals also spread to others areas of the world through the exploration and rule of the European countries. What caused this mighty empire to collapse? Read this article to find out.
The Ottoman Empire also commonly known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey was formed in 1299. At the height of its dominancy the Ottoman Empire encompassed much of southeast Europe as well as parts of Northern Africa and Asia. It covered an area of approximately 5,200,000 km2 (2,007,731 sq mi). Due to its position and size it dominated the interactions between the eastern and western worlds for over 6 centuries. The Ottoman Empire was ruled by a royal family with a formal government that ruled over the affairs of the many states making up the empire. The Ottoman Empire formally ceased to exist in 1942, but had been deteriorating for many years prior to this. So, what cause the fall of the Ottoman Empire? Read this article to find out.
The French Revolution was a time of turbulent social and political unrest in France lasting from 1789 to 1799. In three years the country changed from being ruled by an absolute monarchy to a country which embraced the new enlightenment principles of equality, citizenship and personal rights. The people of France wanted their society to change and spent ten years to achieve it. The changes they made not only impacted their country, but much of the continent of Europe as well.
The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, were two separate conflicts that occurred between the Qing Dynasty in China and the British Empire. Both wars were the climax of disputes and tensions over trade and diplomatic relations between the two powers. The first of the Opium Wars occurred from 1839 to 1842, the second occurred between 1856 and 1860. The resolution of these wars resulted in treaties that dictated trade agreements and concessions as well as the cession of Hong Kong Island which became a British colony until 1997.
The Hindenburg was an infamous airship that caught fire on the Thursday, May 6, 1937. The LZ 129 Hindenburg was carrying 97 people. 35 people died and a number of people were injured in the disaster. This event caused the downfall of the airship as the public lost confidence in the safety of this form of travel.
The Korean War was an armed conflict that took place between North Korea and South Korea from June 25, 1950, until July 27, 1953. North Korea was supported by the People Republic of China and the Soviet Union and South Korea was supported by the United Nations. It was the first significant armed conflict to be facilitated by the Cold War. Initially, the war was fought through infantry attacks and air raids, later it became a trench war. Many lives were lost during the war on both sides.
The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Famine, was a period in Ireland’s history where over 1 million people died due to disease, malnutrition and starvation. The Irish potato famine began in 1845 and lasted until 1852 during which time the population of Ireland decreased by about 20-25% due to death and emigration. Much of Ireland’s population depended on the potato as their main source of food and this was the reason why so many died. However, there were also other causes that led to the worst famine the country had ever seen.
The Mexican American War was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico that began in 1846 and ended in 1848. American forces invaded various Mexican territories and conducted blockades resulting in Mexico accepting new borders and being forgiven of its debts to the United States.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a reaction to a tax that was imposed on whiskey sales in the United States in 1789. Many farmers sold their corn crops in the form of whiskey and were required to pay an extra tax on the product. The money was to be used to pay the national debt and was collected by federal officials. The tax was strongly opposed by the farmers who refused to pay and used violence and intimidation to prevent the collection of the tax.