Jelly beans are a popular confectionery product best known for their hard outer shell and soft jelly interior. They are made in the shape of a bean, which is where their name comes from. Jelly beans are made by many manufacturers and usually come in a mixed packet with a variety of different flavors and colors. The main ingredient of jelly beans is sugar, but other ingredients are also used to give the beans their distinct texture and flavor. Let’s take a look at how jelly beans are made in the factory.
How are jelly beans made?
The first step in the manufacturing process is heating the liquid sugar to about 175 °C (350 °F). Starch and glucose and then added to the liquid sugar and it is mixed together. This mixture is then poured into molds made of starch, which are the shape of the jelly beans. The mixture is dried in the trays for 24 hours to create that chewy consistency. The jelly beans are then removed from the molds. They are then steamed, and coated with more liquid sugar. They are then placed in a spinning pan, which looks a bit like a cement mixer, and the jelly beans are spun constantly. The color and flavor of the jelly beans comes from food coloring and artificial colors which are added, together with more liquid sugar, to the jelly beans. Grains of sugar are then added to the spinning pan about 4 times to give the jelly beans their hard outer coating. In the final step hot syrup is added to the spinning pan to polish the beans and wax is added to give the jelly beans their glossy appearance. They are then dried and all they are packed for shipping.
The following video shows the process of making jelly beans in a large factory: