Who was Julius Caesar?
Julius Caesar was a Roman statesman and general who was born on 13 July 100 BC. Julius Caesar played an important role in transforming the Republic of Rome into the Roman Empire. His conquest of Gaul and his attempted invasion of Britain earned him respect and unmatched military power. Julius Caesar led a revolt against the current ruler of Rome, Pompey, in 49BC. This began a civil war and Caesar emerged victorious. After gaining control of the Roman government he made many reforms and was eventually known as “dictator in perpetuity.” His life ended on 15 March 44 BC after many years of being involved in Roman government. His life story is documented in Shakespeare’s play “The Tragedy of Julius Caesar.”
How Did Julius Caesar Die?
Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators that felt he had too much power. He often presented the senate with decisions and had them passed without discussion or vote. He was stabbed repeatedly, at least 23 times, by a number of different senators. The conspirators were led by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Brutus Albinus, and Gaius Trebonius. It is said that when Julius Caesar saw Brutus stab him he whispered “You too, my child.” Brutus had been pardoned from crimes against Rome by Caesar earlier in his live. Julius Caesar was assassinated on the floor of the senate. After his murder the involved senators fled the scene and Caesar’s body was carried home by slaves.