Monaco is a small country located in south Western Europe on the Northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on three sides by the country of France. Its total area is 1.98 km2 (0.76 sq mi) and it has a population of approximately 35,000 people. The capital city of Monaco is Monaco. The most populated city is the city of Monte Carlo.
Facts about Monaco
- Despite Monaco being independent, its national defense is the responsibility of France.
- French is the only official language. Monégasque, Italian and English are also widely spoken and understood.
- Monaco is the second smallest country (by size) in the world; only the Vatican City is smaller.
- Prince Albert II is the head of state
- Monaco holds many international sporting events such as the Monaco Grand Prix, The Monte Carlo Rally, The Monaco Ironman and The Monte Carlo Masters.
- In 2009, the Tour de France, the world’s premier bicycle race, started from Monaco with a 15 km closed-circuit individual time trial starting and finishing there on the first day (4 July) and the 182 km second leg starting there on the following day and ending in Brignoles, France.
- Monaco has 12 schools in total within its bounders.
- While living in Monaco you are not required to pay any income tax.
- Monaco is a very popular tourist destination due to its temperate warm weather and famous casino. However, Monaco’s own citizens are not allowed to gamble at the casino.
- It is also a popular stop for cruise ships.
- Monaco is not a member of the European Union, but it has the euro as its currency due to its close links with France
- Monaco has acquired the right to mint euro coins with Monegasque designs on its national side.
- Monaco is served by several train systems and the Monte Carlo International Heliport. The closest airport is Côte d’Azur Airport in Nice, France