Peru (officially the Republic of Peru) is a country located in South America. Here are some interesting facts about Peru.
Interesting Facts About Peru
- Peru is classified as a ‘developing country’. About 40% of the population live in poverty.
- The official (and most spoken) language in Peru is Spanish. Many Peruvians speak native languages.
- Voting in elections is compulsory for all citizens aged 18 to 70.
- Peru is divided into 25 different ‘regions’ and one province (the province of Lima).
- Peru borders five countries- Ecuador (to the north), Columbia (to the north), Brazil (to the east), Bolivia (to the southeast) and Chile (to the South). It also borders the Pacific Ocean.
- Trade to and from Peru is excepted to increase following a free trade agreement Peru signed with the United States in 2006. Peru’s main exports are fish meal, gold, copper, zinc and textiles.
- The population is expected to reach 42 million by 2050.
- Peru has a reasonable literacy rate- 92.9%.
- It is compulsory for children to attend both primary and secondary school. It is free to attend public schools.
- The capital, and largest city, in Peru is Lima.
- Peru declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.
- About 81% of the population describe themselves as Catholic. Only 2.9% of people identify themselves as ‘non-religious’.