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Interesting Facts about Russia

Russia, officially the Russian Federation, is a country located in Northern Europe/Asia. It was once the leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also shares sea borders with Japan and the United States. The capital city of Russia is Moscow which is home to approximately 11,503,500 people and is well known for its magnificent churches and ballet company. Russia as a whole has a population of approximately 143,400,000 people and the official language of the country is Russian.

Interesting facts about Russia
The national flag of Russia.

  • Russia is named after a medieval state that was populated by mostly East Slavs known as Rus.
  • It is the largest country in the world in terms of area with a total area of 17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 sq mi).
  • Russia is also the 9th most populated country in the world.
  • 27 other languages are recognized in different regions of Russia these include: Abaza
  • Adyghe, Altay, Avar, Azerbaijani Bashkir Buryat, Chechen, Chuvash, Erzya, Ingush, Kabardian, Kalmyk
  • Karachay-Balkar Khakas Komi-Zyrian ,Lezg i Mansi , Mari , Moksha ,Nogai, Ossetic, Tatar, Tuv?n, Udmurt and Yakut.
  • Russia spans 9 time zones and spreads across the top of Asia and 40% of the European continent.
  • Russia became in empire in 1721 under the rule of Peter the Great. His reforms brought a great deal of western culture into Russia.
  • In the 18th century, Russia was the 3rd largest empire in earth’s history; it covered the area from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.
  • Russia, in alliance with other European states, fought against Napoleon’s France and defeated them when they attempted to attack and take Russia.
  • Russia was the world’s first constitutionally socialist state, as the Soviet Union (USSR).
  • Russia was responsible for the world’s first space flight and launching the first satellite. In 1957 the soviet union launched Sputnik 1, an artificial satellite. They launched the first astronaut into space on 12 April 1961.
  • For many years before Russia became a soviet state, Russia was ruled by a royal family – known as the Tsars (Emperor). They were strongly connected to the Russian Orthodox Church, which is believed to be the one true church. The first Tsar was the Grand Duke Ivan IV or Ivan the Terrible. He was officially crowned in 1547.
  • During World War Two Russia, as part of the Soviet Union, incurred 10.6 million Military deaths and 15.9 million civilian deaths which accounted for approximately a third of all causalities in WWII.
  • The USSR was dissolved on 25 December 1991 and ceased to exist. The first President of Russia after this time was Boris Yeltsin who was elected in June 1991.
  • Moscow is home to 11.5 million people and is Europe’s largest city
  • Russia has the world’s largest forest reserves and is known as the “lungs of Europe” and is second only to the Amazon rainforest in the amount of oxygen it produces.
  • It has the world’s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources
  • The lakes in Russia contain approximately a quarter of the world’s fresh water
  • Russia is also home to the world’s largest active volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which has a height of 4,750 m (15,584 ft)
  • The highest point in Russia, and in Europe, is Mount Elbrus, which reaches 5,642 m (18,510 ft) above sea level.
  • Russia is also home to the world’s deepest fresh water lake, Lake Baikal. This lake contains over one-fifth of the world’s fresh surface water.
  • The Volga, which is the longest river in Europe, is also found in Russia
  • Russia is also home to an amazing 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves.
  • Russia has many climatic zones because of its huge size. Northern European Russia and Siberia have a subarctic climate with record lows of ?71.2 °C or ?96.2 °F. The strip of land the borders the Arctic Ocean and the Russia Arctic Islands have a polar climate. Land near the Black Sea has a humid subtropical climate, parts are also semi-arid. The coldest month is January with temperatures around the country between 22.2 °C (72 °F) and ?71.2 °C (?96.2°F) and the warmest is July with temperatures ranging between 45.4 °C (113.7°F) and ?9.3°C (15.3°F) .
  • Religious icons are very important to the Russian people and many houses have at least one.
  • The currency of Russia is the Russian Ruble.

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(2) Comments

  1. phoebe rose skinner

    It’s a fabulous place and I’ve never been there but I’m doing a speech on it for the rugby world cup and these facts are terrific – good job!

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