Lithium is a light and highly reactive metal. It is found in many stars. This post will list some of the common uses of lithium.
Uses of Lithium
- Lithium can be used as a coolant due to its high specific heat capacity.
- Compounds of lithium give fireworks and flares a red color.
- LiOH (lithium hydroxide) is used to make lithium soaps. These soaps are used to manufacture lubricating greases.
- Lithium can be used in disposable and rechargeable batteries. Some rechargeable batteries include the lithium-ion battery and the lithium iron phosphate battery.
- Lithium niobate is used to make cell phone.
- Lithium is used to absorb neutrons in nuclear fusion.
- Lithium can be combined with other metals (usually aluminum, cadmium, copper or manganese) to make airplane parts.
- Lithium hydroxide and lithium peroxide are used to purify air in submarines and on spacecraft. Lithium peroxide is fantastic as it reacts with carbon dioxide to produce oxygen.
- One of the most important uses of lithium is in the treatment of bipolar disorder and depression. Salts of lithium (such as lithium carbonate and lithium citrate) are mood stabilizers.
- Lithium can be used in focal lenses for telescopes and common spectacles.
- Lithium chloride and lithium bromide are effective desiccant. A desiccant is a substances that keeps something (usually a container) dry by absorbing (or adsorbing) water molecules.
- Lithium, and its hydrides, are used as high energy additives in rocket propellants.