Birds are small animals that are feathered and winged. There are over 10,000 species of bird worldwide. Birds come in all different sizes and shapes, some are herbivorous and some are carnivores. Birds occupy every continent of the planet and live in a variety of different and diverse ecosystems. Each bird species is unique and has adaptations that are suited to its environment. Some birds are fast, some slow, some have thick layers of fat to survive the cold and some have special shaped beaks to eat a specific diet. So which bird is the fastest bird in the world? Read this article to find out.
The Fastest Bird
The fastest bird in the world is the Peregrine Falcon with the top speed of 200 miles per hour or 350 kilometers. The Falcons top speed is achieved when performing a power dive to ambush prey. The Peregrine Falcon is a bird of prey which means that it hunts other small animals for food. Peregrine Falcons eat mainly small birds, but will hunt small reptiles and rodents. They ambush their prey mid air diving from above at incredible speeds.
This Falcon lives mainly in cosmopolitan areas all over the world. The only places you are unlikely to find the Peregrine Falcon is arctic regions, rainforests, high mountains and the country of New Zealand. They prefer to live along mountain ranges, river valleys and on the coastline. They have adapted to life in metropolitan areas. In places where the winter is mild the Falcon is very territorial and will often stay in the same place. If the winters are harsh these birds will migrate to warmer climates.
Peregrine Falcons are blue/gray in coloring with a banded white undercarriage. They have a black head and a white chin and neck. They have a strong, pointed beak and sharp talons. Female Peregrine Falcons are larger than their male counterparts. These birds mate for life and create nests on high cliffs or in high buildings such as bell towers.
You can see the Peregrine Falcon in action by viewing the video below: