The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court system in the country. It has the ultimate jurisdiction of all appeals from lower courts and some specific types of legal cases. The Supreme Court sits in the United States Supreme Court building in the capital of the United States, Washington D.C. The Chief Justice sits on the bench as do eight other Associate Justices. These Justices have the judicial authority to hear and rule on appeal cases. They are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. The Supreme Court of the United States was established in 1789 and is authorized by the U.S Constitution.
What is the role of the US Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the judicial system. It is also the only Court that is authorized by the constitution giving it the distinct right to rule on constitutional matters. The Supreme Court has the responsibility of judicial review. This means that it has the role of invalidating legislation or ruling on cases that conflict with the constitution. This role ensures that the rights of the individual are protected and that legislation or laws do not go against the statues of the constitution of the United States. The decisions passed down by the Supreme Court may affect national policy and the interpretation of national law.
Another role of the Supreme Court is to hear cases of appeal from lower courts such as state and federal courts. This is called appellate jurisdiction. Cases are appealed when it is found legally that the ruling given on a case was incorrect, unjust or unlawful. The Supreme Court can only hear a number of cases each year and must carefully choose the cases that come before it. The Supreme Court’s decision is final and ultimately changes the law and the way that the law is interpreted.
The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction a limited number of legal cases. These are legal matters that cannot be dealt with in any other court due to the nature of the matter or because of who is involved. Legal cases that involve disputes between states or between a state and the federal government are heard and ruled on in the Supreme Court. This is to ensure that the constitution is upheld and the rights of the individual are protected.