The word tornado comes from the Latin word “tonare” meaning “to thunder.” Tornadoes are one of the most recognizable natural disasters on earth. Countless movies have been made about them and there are numerous documentaries that depict storm chasers hunting tornadoes. Whilst tornadoes can occur in any country of the world, most people associate tornado activity with the United States of America. A tornado is a localized and violently destructive wind storm that is characterized by a funnel shaped cloud extending downwards from a storm system.
Due to their volatile and unpredictable nature, it is quite difficult to accurately measure and predict how big a tornado is likely to be. Tornadoes are measured using a category system called the Fujita System. They are given a rating from F1 to F 5 depending on the wind speed, path width, path length and destruction caused. Tornadoes do not always follow the guidelines set out so tornadoes rating are open to interpretation.
The Strongest Tornado by Wind Speed
The tornado that was recorded with the highest wind speed was the tornado that formed in Bridge Creek Oklahoma on May 3, 1993. The wind was measured at up to 318 mph with a portable Doppler wind radar close to the center of the Tornado at approximately 100 miles above ground. This is considered an unofficial measurement because Dow movement may have added or subtracted from the actual wind speeds.
The Strongest Tornado by Destruction Caused
The Oklahoma Tornado is also considered to be the tornado that caused the most destruction. This is due mainly to the fact that it hit such a hugely populated area.