Florida is a state located in the southeastern part of the United States of America. It shares a border with Alabama and Georgia, and is flanked by the Gulf of Mexico to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Florida has the 4th largest population of any US state with approximately 19 million people. Since the first European contact in the 16th century, the area now known as Florida has a long and interesting history. Let’s take a quick look at this history.
The modern history of Florida begins with the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who named the region La Florida and claimed it for Spain. In the next hundred years both Spain and France attempted to establish settlements in the region. One of these settlements was the Spanish city of St. Augustine, which was founded in 1565 and is considered to be the oldest city in the United States. Spain was the most successful in the region and owned Florida until 1763 when Great Britain gained the territory through the Treaty of Paris. Britain split the region into East and West Florida, but lost the territory to Spain in 1783 after the American colonies had defeated the British. In 1819 the United States and Spain settled a border dispute with the Adams–Onís Treaty and in the agreement the United States was given the region of Florida. This treaty was ratified by the Spanish government in 1821 and the next year the Territory of Florida was created.
When did Florida become a state?
The Territory of Florida was an organized incorporated territory of the United States, but it was not officially a state. It wasn’t admitted into the Union until March 3, 1845 when Florida became the 27th state of the United States.