Kenya (officially title: Republic of Kenya) is a country located in East Africa along the equator. It is home to approximately 43,013,341 people and covers are area of 580,367 km2 (224,080 sq mi). The capital city of Kenya is Nairobi and it is located south western part of the country. Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa. The country is bordered by Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and has a coastline along the Indian Ocean. Kenya is home to Lake Victoria and the second highest mountain in Africa, Mt Kenya.
When did Kenya become a country?
Prior to becoming its own country Kenya was a colony of the United Kingdom. It was under the rule of the governors of British East Africa. The country was settled by British and Europeans farmers who had large tea and coffee plantations. Kenya gained its independence from Britain on December 12, 1963,and formed a new constitution. The following year on December 12, 1964, Kenya was declared a Republic and Jomo Kenyatta, a member of the Kenya African National Union (KANU), became the first president of Kenya. The next president was installed after the death of Kenyatta in 1978.
Over the next twenty years an undemocratic government led to the constitutional reform with the provision made for multiple political parties to run in elections. In 2002 a Kenyan election resulted in the election of Mwai K?bak?, who was the first president from a different political party. This election heralded a definite change in the political landscape of Kenya. Unfortunately his re-election in 2007 was shrouded in accusations of fraud and voting irregularities. This lead to a number of violent riots in which 1,000 Kenyan people were killed.