New Hampshire is a state located in the northeastern part (New England region) of the United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine and the Canadian province of Quebec. It is one of the smallest states in terms of both area and population. The state played a very important part in the formation of America, but the history of the state goes back long before this time. Let’s take a brief look at this history and find out when New Hampshire became a state.
Prior to the European discovery of the Americas the area now known as New Hampshire was inhabited by Native American tribes. The first European explorers visited the region in the early 1600’s. The first settlement was created in 1623 by a group of English fishermen and the first permanent settlement was founded not long after. In 1629 the colony known as Province of New Hampshire was formed when a prior land grant was divided. It was named after the county of Hampshire in England. Due to its location between French and English colonies, along with native claims to the land, it was often on the front lines of military action. By 1740 most of the Native Americans had been driven out of the region or killed. New Hampshire was also the subject of border disputes with surrounding colonies, some of which were not resolved for many years.
New Hampshire was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against the British. This colony was the first to set up an independent government and on January 5, 1776, the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire was the first to establish a constitution. New Hampshire was the 9th state to be admitted to the Union after the victory in the Revolutionary War. It officially ratified the U.S. Constitution and became a state on June 21, 1788.