A school is an educational institution with the main purpose of teaching ideals and knowledge to a society. Schools take on many different forms and can be aimed to educate different groups of people. In most developed countries it is compulsory for children from the age of 5 to 15 to attend school.
When was School Invented?
The idea of passing on knowledge and ideals has existed in societies for as long as there have been people. Older generations would teach and passed down skills and information to younger generations to help them to understand the world and live in it productively. In turn when the younger generation grew up they would teach and pass down their knowledge to the next generation. It is difficult to date when the first school was invented as cultures have engaged in types of schooling for many thousands of years. It is believed that the first formalized schooling occurred in Egypt in 3000BC. This was for young boys to learn how to become scribes as few people could read and write. In ancient India Gurukuls ran schools that taught subjects such as medicine and philosophy to any child or person who attended. The ancient Romans also had a private schooling system that could only be attended by boys. They taught reading, writing and arithmetic in both Latin and Greek.
The first structured primary school system is credited to Byzantium (Ancient Greek City) in 425AD. The Islam culture also developed a schooling system to teach the new knowledge that was gained from their conquest of the Greek, Rome and Persian Cultures. They are said to have created the first actual school building designated as a place for learning in the 10th Century. In the Middle Ages schools were established in Europe by the Church. There were also guilds where the skills of trades were taught. Since then formalized schooling has continued to exist and be shaped. In 1870 The Education Act was passed in England and Wales providing compulsory, state-funded schooling for all children aged 5 to 13. This act flowed through to countries under British Rule.