Raphael (full name: Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino) was a famous Italian painter and architect who lived and worked during the Italian Renaissance. He, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci, is considered to be a great master artist and one of the best known artists of the time. Many of his works survive today and can be found in the Vatican City. The Apostolic Palace, home of the Pope, has many of his works, including the famous Raphael Rooms. His most well known work is “The School of Athens” (Scuola di Atene), which is also located in the Raphael Rooms. Let’s find out where this famous artist lived and worked throughout his life.
Where did Raphael live?
In 1491 Raphael was born in the small town of Urbino located in central Italy. It was here that his father Giovanni Santi was the Duke of Urbino’s court painter. Raphael began training at a young age at is thought to have been trained by artists Pietro Perugino and/or Timoteo Viti. Perugino worked in Perugia and Florence and it is likely that Raphael was taught and one or both of these locations. He was fully trained by 1501 and worked on many churches in Città di Castello, which was located half way between Urbino and Perugia. He also spent some time in Siena in 1502 to work with his friend Pinturicchio.
He drifted between towns in Northern Italy for the next few years, although he spent a great deal of time in the city of Florence from 1504 until 1508. At the end of 1508 he moved to Rome at the request of the new Pope Julius II and he worked here on many projects, including the famous Raphael Rooms, until his death in 1520.
Did you know?
Michelangelo disliked Raphael and accused him of plagiarism years after he had died.