Hummingbirds are a number of species of birds that belong to the Trochilidae family. There are over 325 species of hummingbirds and most of these species are just 7.5-13 cm (3-5 in) in size. This makes hummingbirds some of the smallest birds on the planet and the smallest hummingbird measures just 5 cm (2 in). Hummingbirds are best known for their ability to hover in mid-air and they do this by rapidly flapping their wings up to 80 times per second. This rapid flapping creates a humming sound, which led to the naming of these birds. They are also known for being the only birds capable of flying backwards and for their migratory behavior. Let’s find out where these unique birds live.
Where do hummingbirds live?
Hummingbirds are only found in the Americas and the vast majority of these species are found throughout subtropical and tropical Central and South America. The subtropical forests of the northern Andes is where the most species of this family are found. The southern portions of South America, Caribbean islands and North America are home to far fewer species. In fact, only 25 species have been recorded in the United States and just 10 from Canada. Colombia is home to the most species with approximately 160 different species found within the borders. The tiny country of Ecuador is home to an impressive 130 species. Most of the Hummingbirds in North America migrate south, to Mexico or Central America, for the winter. Some of the South American species migrate north for winter in the Southern hemisphere.
Did you know?
There are some species of birds that appear to be similar to hummingbirds, including the honeyeaters found in Australia. However, they are not related to the true hummingbirds.