Aruba is a 33 Kilometer island found in the Lesser Antilles in the Southern Caribbean Sea. It is one of the islands, along with Bonaire and Curacao, which make up the ABC islands of the Leeward Antilles. It is one of the four constituent countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is located 27 km north of Venezuela and South of Cuba at 12°30′ North and 69°58′ west. The equator passes very near to Aruba making the weather very stable for most of the year. The temperature varies little from 28 °C (82.4 °F). It is a fairly flat and riverless island with beautiful white, sandy beaches on the western and southern coasts. It is popular amongst tourists.
Facts about Aruba
- Land area of 180 square Kilometers or 69 square Miles.
- Estimated population of 103,000 people
- The residents of Aruba hold Dutch passports
- Aruba has been under Dutch administration since 1636
- During World War II, together with Curaçao, Aruba were the main suppliers of refined products to the Allies
- Aruba became a British protectorate from 1940 to 1942 and a US protectorate from 1942 to 1945
- The island’s economy has been dominated by five main industries: gold mining, phosphate mining, aloe export, petroleum refineries, and tourism.
- Highest mountain is Mount Jamanota at 188 meters (617 ft) above sea level.
- Capital city is Oranjestad located on the western Coast line.
- Aruba’s official languages are Dutch and Papiamento
- Most of the northern and eastern coasts are not inhabited due to their exposure to winds and ocean currents.