Bolivia (official title: Plurinational State of Bolivia) is a country that can be traced back to 1825 when Independence from Spain was declared. However, since independence was achieved the country has lost more than half of its territory to the surrounding countries. Political and economic turmoil were the main causes of this loss of territory and these problems have continued for Bolivia to this day. Despite the loss of territory, the modern day borders of this country cover an area of 1,098,581 square kilometers (424,163 sq mi), which makes it the 28th largest country in the world. The population of the country is almost 10.5 million. Let’s find out where this country is located.
Where is Bolivia located?
Bolivia is found in central South America and is one of only two landlocked countries on the continent (the other is Paraguay). It shares a border with five other countries including Brazil (to the north and east), Argentina and Paraguay (to the south), Chile (to the southwest) and Peru (to the west). The following is a political map of South America showing the location of Bolivia (marked in light green) with the surrounding countries also marked.
Did you know?
Bolivia ceded territory to the north west to Peru in 1903, to the north and east to Brazil (between 1867 and 1928), it ceded territory to the south to Argentina is 1889 and Paraguay in 1935 and to the south west to Chile (between 1879 and 1904). The following map shows the traditional borders of Bolivia and the lost territory.
This image is sourced from the fantastic article – How Bolivia Lost Its Hat by Frank Jacobs.
Even after losing all of this territory it remains the 5th largest country in South America by area!