Ecuador (official title: Republic of Ecuador) is a relatively small country in terms of both population and size. The country became an independent nation in 1830 after previously being part of the Spanish colonial empire and Gran Columbia. However, Ecuador lost much of its claimed territory to the larger neighboring countries after this time. It is named after the equator, which runs through the northern part of the country. This might give us a clue about where Ecuador is located.
Where is Ecuador located?
Ecuador is located on the northwestern side of the continent of South America. It shares a border with Columbia to the north and Peru to the east and south. The western side of the country is located on the Pacific Ocean. The equator passes through the country 24km (14.9 mi) north of the capital city Quito. The following is a map of South America with Ecuador marked.
The territory of Ecuador also includes the Galapagos Islands, which are also located on the equator about 972 km (525 nmi) west of the country. There are 13 main islands and 3 minor islands in this archipelago. This archipelago has 7,880 km2 (3,040 sq mi) of total land area and the largest island, called Isabela, accounts for more than half of this area. The following world map shows the location of the Galapagos Islands (circled) and continental Ecuador (marked in red).
click to enlarge
Did you know?
Border disputes between Ecuador and its neighbor Peru began before the country was officially formed and hostilities didn’t end until the end of the 20th century. The Ecuadorian-Peruvian territorial dispute officially lasted for 170 years, 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days!
Ecuador is one of only two South American countries that doesn’t share a border with Brazil.