Niagara Falls is the name for a collection of three separate waterfalls, Horseshoe Falls, American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls, that are located very close together. Together they are considered to have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world and Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall on the North American continent. Niagara Falls are very popular with tourists and it is estimated that about 13 million people visit the falls each year. An interesting this about Niagara Falls is that they are actually located in two countries.
Where are Niagara Falls?
Niagara Falls is part of the international border between the United States and Canada; specifically between the U.S. state of New York and the Canadian province of Ontario. The twin cities (both called Niagara Falls) are located at the site and cater to the large tourist population. The next closest major U.S. city is Buffalo, which is located 27 km (17 mi) south-southeast, and the next closest major Canadian city is Toronto, which is located 121 km (75 mi) to the north-northwest.
The American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls are located entirely within the U.S. state of New York. However, the larger Horseshoe Falls are split between the Canadian side (two-thirds) and the U.S side (one-third). Niagara Falls State Park is a U.S. National Historic Landmark that covers the American Falls, Bridal Veil Falls and the U.S. portion of the Horseshoe Falls. It is the oldest state park in the United States.