Peru (official title: Republic of Peru) is a relatively large country in terms of area and population. The region was home to ancient cultures, but the modern country wasn’t formed until it achieved independence from Spain. Even after this time the political situation remained unresolved for many years. The country also lost part of its territory to Peru after the War of the Pacific in 1883. Since this time Peru has faced political and economic strife, but this has stabilized in recent years. In fact, today Peru has the 39th largest, and one of the fastest growing, economy in the world. Let’s find out where Peru is located in the world.
Where is Peru located?
Peru is found on the western coastline of the South American continent. It is bordered by Ecuador and Columbia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast and Chile to the south. The western portion of the country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean. The following political map of South America shows the location of Peru and surrounding countries.
Did you know?
The capital, and largest city, of Peru is Lima which is located on the coast in the central part of the country. It is also the largest city in the country with more than 8.4 million people living in the metropolitan area.