The Tower of London is a historical castle in the capital city of England. It is located in central London on the river Thames. The tower has a rich history and has been besieged several times. It has also been used for a variety of different purposes over the years including; royal residence, treasury, Royal Mint, prison and home of the Crown Jewels. The Tower of London was damaged extensively by the bombing of World War II, but was quickly repaired and reopened to the public. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist spots in London.
Who Built the Tower of London
The entire structure was completed in different stages over many years and this means that there is not a single person who built the structure. However, the White Tower, where the Tower of London get its name, was built by William the Conqueror. Construction is thought to have started in 1078 and many historians believe that it wasn’t finished until after William had died.
Since the original construction of the White Tower there have been many additions to the site. King William II built a wall around the tower in 1097. Richard the Lionheart was the first to order major extensions, with a moat and extra fortifications to the tower. The next expansion came in the 13th century when Kings Henry III and Edward I expanded the castle to create what we seen today. These improvements included, whitewashing the tower, adding palatial buildings, creating a new defensive perimeter, adding a defensive ditch, improving the moat and adding a new entrance. Although other construction and renovation did take place over the next centuries, the main construction (as we know it today) of the Tower of London was completed by these people.