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The Anderson shelter is a air-raid shelter (bomb shelter) that was used extensively throughout Europe (Britain in particular) during World War II. It was designed for 6 people and was made out of fourteen panels of corrugated steel. Six curved panels were used to form the top, three straight panels were used for the sides and two more straight panels (one with a door) were used for the front and rear of the shelter. These shelters were approximately 1.8 m (6 ft) high, 2 m (6 ft 6 in long) and 1.4 m (4 ft 6 in) wide. They were buried with about half a meter (19 in) of soil to protect the occupants. These shelters were given to all people under a certain income and more than 3.6 million of them were installed before and during the war. This type of shelter was effective against ground shocks and direct blasts because they could absorb a lot of energy. However, they lost popularity during all-night alerts because they were cold and often flooded in wet weather. Let’s find out who designed and invented this air-raid shelter.
The Trevi Fountain is a famous fountain located in the Trevi district of Rome, Italy. It was designed in the Baroque style, which was an artistic style that began in Italy and featured dramatic and grand works. The fountain is more than 26 m (85 ft) high and 49 m (160.7 ft) wide and is one of the largest fountains in Baroque style in the world. The fountain is well known around the world and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Rome. The fountain has existed for many years as the site of an ancient aqueduct, but the modern fountain came much later. Let’s find out who designed this impressive fountain.
The Mackinac Bridge is a long suspension bridge located in the United States that connects the Lower Peninsula (city of St. Ignace) and the Upper Peninsula (village of Mackinaw City) of Michigan. The bridge is the third longest suspension bridge by total suspension in the world, and is 8,038 m (26,372 ft) long in total with the largest span being 1,158 m (3,800 ft) long (12 largest in the world). The idea for the bridge was raised in the 1880’s as the region continued to be popular for tourism and trade. However, the first attempt at creating a regular crossing was the opening of a ferry service. The ferries were used to transport people and vehicles between the peninsulas. This was not ideal because traffic would sometimes back-up more than 26 km (16 mi) waiting for the ferry and ferry travel during the winter months was sometimes impossible due to ice. The calls for a bridge became stronger and in 1934 the Michigan Legislature created an Authority to explore the possibilities. The route for the bridge was selected by 1940 and plans for the bridge began not long after. Let’s find out who designed and built this impressive bridge.
The Burj Khalifa is currently the tallest building and man-made structure in the world. It rises an impressive 829.8 m (2,722 ft) in the air and is more than 300 m (984 ft) taller than the previous tallest building (Taipei 101). The Burj Khalifa is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and was named in honor of the UAE President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Construction work on the tower began in January 2004 and the tower was officially opened in January 2010. The final construction cost of the tower was estimated to be USD $1.5 billion. The Burj Khalifa is well known for its unique Y shaped design that is said to be inspired by the Hymenocallis flower. Let’s find out who designed and built this impressive structure.
Washington D.C, or “The district” as it is sometimes called, is the capital city of the United States of America. The city is located in the District of Columbia, which is located along the Potomac River within the state of Maryland. However, as per the U.S constitution Washington D.C falls under the direct jurisdiction of the U.S Congress and is therefore not part of the state of Maryland or any other U.S state. Covering an area of 68.3 sq mi (177.0 km2) it was named in honor of General George Washington, the first president of the United States, and was founded in 1791 to serve as the capital. Each of the three branches of the U.S government are located in Washington D.C including the White House, home of the U.S President. It is also home to many famous monuments and museums.
The Home Insurance Building was a ten storey building located in Chicago that was completed in 1884. It is considered by many to be the first skyscraper ever constructed. This wasn’t because it was the tallest building in the world, it was only 42 m (138 ft) tall, but because of the unique architecture and steel weight bearing frame (known as skeleton construction). The architecture used on the building paved the way for further skyscrapers and other architects and engineers began using the ideas from this design. The building was demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building, but it remains a very important step in architecture. Let’s find out who designed this building.
There has been various symbols throughout history that have represented peace. Symbols such as an olive branch, the dove and the V hand signal. The most common, and well recognized, symbol of peace today consists of a circle divided into three even sections. It was originally designed as a symbol for nuclear disarmament, but is now commonly recognized and used as the symbol for peace around the world. This symbol was a common motif on jewellery and clothing during the sixties and seventies, when peace and free love were an important part of the ideology of the time.
The Ford Mustang is a car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. It was first introduced in 1964 and is still produced today, although it has undergone many changes since its introduction. Currently, five generations of Ford Mustang’s have been produced with the next generation scheduled for 2015. The older models of the Mustang remain popular with car enthusiasts, collectors, and restorers, and the original design remains extremely popular for its classic looks and iconic styling. Let’s find out who designed this classic car.
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an oval race track located in Speedway, Indiana. It is used for a number of automobile races including the Indianapolis 500, which is one of the most important automobile races in the world. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway has a permanent seating capacity of approximately 257,000 people, which makes it the largest sporting stadium in the world. There is also room for more than 400,000 spectators in the infield. The main track is 2.5 miles (4km) in total length with four quarter mile turns, two 5/8 mile straightaways and two 1/8 mile straightaways. Although this is the main track, sometimes infield tracks are used for other motor racing events such as Formula 1 or Moto GP (motorcycle racing). Let’s find out who designed the famous Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
The Pentagon is the home of the United States Department of Defense located in Arlington County, Virginia and gets its name from the shape of the building. The building is so iconic that the name is also sometimes used to refer to the actual Department of Defense itself. The Pentagon is a five sided building with seven levels (five above ground and two basement levels) and more than 28 km (17.5 mi) of corridors. The building also features a large central plaza, known as ground zero, which is also shaped like a pentagon. The Pentagon is the largest office building by floor area in the world. It has a total floor area of 600,000 m2 (6.5 million sq ft) and a total office area of 340,000 m2 (3.7 million sq ft). Let’s find out who designed and built this unique building.