Silicon is the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust and is vital to the construction industry. This post will take you through some of the common uses of silicon in the world today and tell you a possible future use of silicon.
Uses of Silicon
- Silicon dioxide and silica (in the form of clay or sand) are important components of bricks, concrete and Portland cement.
- Silicon is a semiconductor. This means that electrical flow can be controlled by using silicon parts. Therefore, silicon is very important in the electrical industry. Silicon parts are used in computers, transistors, solar cells, LCD screens and other semiconductor devices.
- Most silicon is used to manufacture aluminum-silicon alloys to produce cast parts. Cast parts are produced by pouring the aluminum and silicon material into a mold. These cast parts are generally used in the automotive industry to make parts for cars.
- Silly Putty used to be made by adding boric acid to silicone oil.
- Silicon carbide is a very important abrasive.
- Silicates can be used to make both pottery and enamel.
- Sand, which contains silicon, is a very important component of glass.
- Silicones are used in high temperature greases and waxes, breast implants, contact lenses, explosives and pyrotechnics (like fireworks).
- In the future, silicon may replace coal as the main source of electricity.