Zinc is a metal element with the atomic number of 30 and the chemical symbol Zn. It is bluish-white to silvery-gray in color and is one of the first 12 elements on the periodic table. It is hard and brittle at most temperatures, but can be made malleable by heating to between 100-150 degrees Celsius. It is normally found with other base metals such as copper and lead. The largest deposits of zinc are in Australia, Asia and the United States. Zinc is an essential mineral and is important to many aspect of human health. So what is zinc used for? This article will give you the main uses of zinc in the world today.
Use of Zinc
- Zinc is mostly used as an anti-corrosive agent in other metal products. It is used in the process of galvanization. Galvanization is the coating of other metals with iron or steel, which zinc is used in, is what 50% of the worlds zinc is used for. Galvanization is used on chain-link fencing, guard rails, suspension bridges, light posts, metal roofs, heat exchangers, and car bodies.
- Zinc is used as an anode on other metals particularly metals that are used in electrical works or come in contact with seawater.
- It is also used as an anode material in batteries. A sheet of metal is used as the case in zinc-carbon batteries.
- Zinc is alloyed with copper to create brass. Bass is used a wide variety of item such as pipes, instruments, communication equipment, hardware and water valves.
- It is also used in alloys such as nickel silver, typewriter metal, soft and aluminum solder, and commercial bronze.
- In some countries, such as the United States, Zinc is used to make money.
- Zinc is used in conjunction with copper, magnesium and aluminium in die casting and spin casting which is used in the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries.
- Zinc oxide is used as a white pigment in paints and in photocopy inks.
- Zinc oxide is also used in rubber to protect it from UV radiation.
- Zinc Chloride is used on lumber as a fire retardant and preserver.
- Zinc Sulfide is used as the luminescent paint of clock surfaces, x-rays, television screens and glow in the dark paints.
- It is also used in agricultural fungicides.
- Zinc is also used in dietary supplements. It is helpful in healing injuries, reducing the length and severity of colds and has antimicrobial properties which help in the relief of Gastroenteritis.
- It is also used in sunscreens and baby diaper rash products as a barrier protector. It is used in toothpaste to prevent bad breath and in shampoos to stop dandruff.