Greece is a country located in Southern Europe that shares a border with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. The country also features approximately 1,400 islands (about 230 are inhabited), which means that this relatively small country in terms of area has one of the largest coastlines in the world. These islands have long been popular with tourists because of their beauty and warm climate, but they have also long been inhabited by local people. Let’s find out which of these 1,400 islands is the largest in area and population.
What is the largest Greek island?
The largest island in Greece is the island of Crete, which is one of the southernmost islands in the country. It is located in the Aegean Sea to the south-east of Athens, the capital of Greece. It covers an area of 8,336 km2 (3,219 sq mi), which makes it more than two times larger than the next largest island in Greece. It is also the 5th largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and within the top 100 largest islands in the world. Crete is a long, but narrow, island stretching about 260 km (160 mi) from east to west. The widest point is about 60 km (37 mi) and the narrowest is just 12 km (7.5 mi).
Crete has a population of approximately 620,000 people, which means that it has the largest population of any Greek island. Crete has a long history that can be traced back many thousands of years. Crete was home to the Minoan civilization, which was the first civilization in Europe. The island has been ruled by many empires/countries throughout history before joining Greece in 1913. This means that Crete has developed its own unique culture alongside traditional Greek culture.
Did you know?
The second largest Greek island is Euboea, which is located close enough to the mainland to be connected by two bridges.