Crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles known for their long snout, powerful mouth, large teeth, and armored skin with large scales. Some of the largest species are best known for their fast strike and are even known to attack and kill humans. In fact, crocodiles are responsible for hundreds of attacks on humans each year and many of these lead to death. There are more than 10 species of true crocodiles and they range from relatively small to the very large. The smallest species such as the dwarf crocodile at about 1.5 m (5 ft) long and a maximum of 80 kg (180 lbs) in weight. The largest species is the saltwater crocodile, which can exceed 6 m (20ft) long and weigh more than 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs). Let’s find out where these reptiles live.
Where do crocodiles live?
Crocodiles are found in the tropical and sub tropical regions of Africa, South-East Asia and Australia. They are also found in the tropical regions of the Americas, including parts of North America and South America, along with all of Central America. The Americas is home to four species: the American crocodile, Cuban crocodile, Mexican crocodile (Morelet’s crocodile) and the Orinoco crocodile. Africa is home to three species: the Nile crocodile, African slender-snouted crocodile and the dwarf crocodile. South-East Asia is home to the mugger crocodile, saltwater crocodile, siamese crocodile, Philippine crocodile, New Guinea crocodile and the false gharial. Australia is also home to the saltwater crocodile along with the freshwater crocodile. The following map shows the location of each of these species (listed by their scientific names).
Did you know?
The bite strength of a crocodile is more than 5,000 pounds per square inch. For comparison the bite strength of a great white shark is 400 pounds per square inch!