An acropolis is the Greek word for city on a hill or “high city.” Building a city on a hill was popular in ancient times because it offered protection and could be more easily defended. The most famous acropolis is the Acropolis of Athens which is commonly known as The Acropolis. It is a World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Athens. The most famous building is the Parthenon, which is considered to be one of the most important ancient buildings in Greece.
Who built the Acropolis
The first known construction on The Acropolis started sometime around the 14th century BC when the Mycenaean Kings built massive walls around the area. However, the buildings of The Acropolis that we recognize today were built much later than that. The Persians pillaged the city in 480 BC. and the buildings of The Acropolis were destroyed or badly damaged. The major rebuilding of The Acropolis, as it is seen today, was overseen by Pericles during 460-430 BC. The work was made the responsibility of the sculptor Phidias and the famous architects Ictinus and Callicrates. These architects were also given the task of building the, now famous, Parthenon.
Throughout history there have been many reconstruction attempts to repair the structures of The Acropolis. The latest reconstruction was started in 1975 and is now nearing its completion.